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What is Non-Ionizing Radiation? April 6, 2007

Posted by healthyself in 0 Hz-3kHz, 000 Hz, 1 GHz- 300 GHz, 1 mm, 100 nm - 400 nm, 3 kHz-300 GHz, 300 GHz, 400 nm - 700 nm, 700 nm, Amplified Signals, Amplitude, Analog, Antennas, Atmospheric Pressure, Blogroll, Bytes, Cable, Cell Masts, Cell Phones, Coherence, Computer Rooms, Cordless Phones, DECT, Distribution, Earth, EEG, EHF, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Entropy, Environment, Exposure, Fiber Optic, Frequencies, Hand Portables, Handheld Units, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Internet, ionizing radiation, Landline, Laptops, LF, Lifestyle, Light, light beam, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Magnetic, MCS, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Mobile Music, mobile telephones, Non-Thermal Levels, Penetration, Photons, Photosensitive, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Pure Tone, QV, Radar, Radians, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Waves, radioprotector, Radios, Research Needed, Resonance, Resonant Frequency, ringing, ringtones, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, Safety, SAR, Schuman Resonance, SHF, Speakerphones, Spectrum, Telecommunications, Telephony, Transducer, Transfer, transmission, UHF, Ultraviolet, VDT, Visible Light, VLF, W/Kg, W/m2, watts, Wave Front, Waves, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wired, Wired Phone, Wireless, Wireless Phones, X-Rays.
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Definitions

The properties and effects of non-ionising radiations are very diverse. For the purpose of this Policy non-ionising radiations include:

Extremely low frequency (ELF) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies in the range 0 Hz (static fields) to 3 kHz, including the 50 Hz electric and magnetic fields associated with the domestic mains electricity supply such as in domestic electrical appliances, electricity supply substations and overhead power lines.

Radiofrequency (RF) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies in the range 3 kHz to 300 GHz, which is produced by artificial sources such as visual display units and mobile phones.

Microwave (MW) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies in the range 1 GHz to 300 GHz, which is produced by artificial sources such as in microwave ovens and by microwave communication devices. (This radiation is now considered part of Radiofrequency radiation.)

Infrared (IR) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 700 nm and 1 mm, which is present in sunlight and produced by artificial sources such as electric radiator heaters.

Visible light

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 400 nm (blue) and 700 nm (red), which is present in sunlight and produced by numerous artificial sources, including lasers.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 100 nm and 400 nm, which is present in sunlight as well as produced by artificial sources such as arc welding and sterilization lamps.

http://www.unisa.edu.au/policies/policies/hr/HR30.asp

What are Electric and Magnetic Fields? April 6, 2007

Posted by healthyself in Blogroll, Definitions, Earth, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, EMF's, EMR, Environment, Frequencies, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Hz, LF, Light, light beam, Low Frequencies, Magnetic, MCS, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Radar, Radians, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Waves, Resonant Frequency, Safe Levels, Transducer, transmission, UHF, VDT, VLF, W/Kg, W/m2, watts, Wave Front, Waves.
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Electric fields

Magnetic fields

  1. Electric fields arise from voltage.
  2. Their strength is measured in Volts per metre (V/m)
  3. An electric field can be present even when a device is switched off.
  4. Field strength decreases with distance from the source.
  5. Most building materials shield electric fields to some extent.
  1. Magnetic fields arise from current flows.
  2. Their strength is measured in amperes per meter (A/m). Commonly, EMF investigators use a related measure, flux density (in microtesla (µT) or millitesla (mT) instead.
  3. Magnetic fields exist as soon as a device is switched on and current flows.
  4. Field strength decreases with distance from the source.
  5. Magnetic fields are not attenuated by most mat

http://www.who.int/peh-emf/about/WhatisEMF/en/

High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields April 5, 2007

Posted by healthyself in Amplified Signals, Amplitude, Antennas, Blogroll, Cable, Cell Masts, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell Phones, Computer Rooms, Cordless Phones, Definitions, Digital, Distribution, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Wiring, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Energy, Environment, Epidemiology, Exposure, Frequencies, GHz, Government's role, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Homes, HOuseholds, HRD, Human Resources, Hz, Infrared, Interdisciplinary, Landline, Laptops, Legal Issues, Lifestyle, Low Frequencies, MCS, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Mitigation, mobile telephones, Oscillate, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Radar, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Waves, Radios, Research Needed, Resonant Frequency, Risk of Disease, Sound, Speakerphones, Telecommunications, Telephony, Transducer, Transfer, transmission, UHF, VDT, VLF, W/Kg, W/m2, watts, Wave Front, Waves, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wired, Wired Phone, Wireless, Wireless Phones, Workplace, X-Rays.
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“Mobile telephones, television and radio transmitters and radar produce RF fields. These fields are used to transmit information over long distances and form the basis of telecommunications as well as radio and television broadcasting all over the world. Microwaves are RF fields at high frequencies in the GHz range. In microwaves ovens, we use them to quickly heat food.””At radio frequencies, electric and magnetic fields are closely interrelated and we typically measure their levels as power densities in watts per square metre (W/m2).”

“Key points:

  • The electromagnetic spectrum encompasses both natural and human-made sources of electromagnetic fields.
  • Frequency and wavelength characterise an electromagnetic field. In an electromagnetic wave, these two characteristics are directly related to each other: the higher the frequency the shorter the wavelength.
  • Ionizing radiation such as X-ray and gamma-rays consists of photons which carry sufficient energy to break molecular bonds. Photons of electromagnetic waves at power and radio frequencies have much lower energy that do not have this ability.
  • Electric fields exist whenever charge is present and are measured in volts per metre (V/m). Magnetic fields arise from current flow. Their flux densities are measured in microtesla (µT) or millitesla (mT).
  • At radio and microwave frequencies, electric and magnetic fields are considered together as the two components of an electromagnetic wave. Power density, measured in watts per square metre (W/m2), describes the intensity of these fields.
  • Low frequency and high frequency electromagnetic waves affect the human body in different ways.
  • Electrical power supplies and appliances are the most common sources of low frequency electric and magnetic fields in our living environment. Everyday sources of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields are telecommunications, broadcasting antennas and microwave ovens.”

http://www.who.int/peh-emf/about/WhatisEMF/en/

How Does Pulsed Radiation Affect Our Own Personal Resonant Frequency? September 15, 2006

Posted by healthyself in 10 Watts Per Kb in the Head, Animal Research, Biological Activity, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Brain, cell membrane, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell Phones, Circadian rhythms, Coherence, Cordless Phones, Digital, earphones, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, Electrochemical, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Entrainment, Environment, Exposure, Frequencies, GHz, Hand Portables, Harmonics, Health related, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, HOuseholds, Interdisciplinary, LF, Lifestyle, Light, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Microwave exposure, mobile telephones, Pulsed Radiation, Quantum Physics, Radar, radiation, Research Needed, Resonance, Resonant Frequency, Risk of Disease, SHF, Sound, Vibration, Vibrational Medicine, W/Kg, Waves.
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“One of the great revelations of 20th century science is that all existence can be broken down into simple wave functions. Every photon, energy emission, and elementary particle rings with its own unique wave signature. When we see a color, we are actually seeing a distinct frequency of visible light. When we hear a sound, our eardrums are actually being vibrated by subtle waves in the air molecules around us. Even the neurochemical processes of human consciousness ­ our very thoughts ­ ring with their own distinct wave patterns.”

“By studying the way that waves interact with other waves, researchers have found that even low-powered oscillations can have enormous effects on standing waves, physical structures, and even the human brain. The principle which describes this particular wavelength interaction is known as resonance. When you resonate with something, you are emitting a wave signature which is “in sync” with it. By applying a constant resonant frequency to a standing wave, you can intensify, reinforce, and prolong the standing frequency of that wave. Researchers posit that by applying these concepts of resonance to waves emitted by the brain, it is possible to induce altered brain states. These current methods of “brainwave entrainment” are based on discoveries made by the 19th century inventor Nikola Tesla, ­ the electrical pioneer who developed the alternating current system of electricity that is currently in use all over the world…..

Tesla
Nikola Tesla

…”He understood that a steady frequency of tiny waves would eventually create enormous ripples if they were timed just right. What Tesla demonstrated was a principle of resonance known as entrainment – the ability of a frequency to cause a less powerful frequency to fall into rhythm simply by placing the two frequency emitters in close proximity. In other words, if you take an electrical oscillator with a power rating of 10 watts that is oscillating at a frequency of 1000 cycles per second (cps), and place it next to an oscillator with a power rating of 1000 watts vibrating at a frequency of 5000 cps, eventually the slower oscillator will be entrained to vibrate at 5000 cps because of the more powerful electromagnetic field created by the 1000 watt oscillator.”

http://www.erowid.org/culture/references/other/1997_turmel_resproject_1.shtml

What then, is the effect of various frequencies to which we are exposed through cell phones and other electronic devices and tranmissions?  What entrainment might be taking place, for good or ill?

Policy Making Needs to Be Holistic–What are the Connections? September 8, 2006

Posted by healthyself in Bioeffects, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell Phones, Circadian rhythms, Decision Making, Electrical Surges, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Environment, Global Warming, Government's role, Health related, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Legal Issues, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Microwave exposure, mobile telephones, Non Profit Organizations, Politics, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, Quantum Physics, radiation, Risk of Disease, Safety, transmission, W/Kg, watts, Waves, WiFi.
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“Regardless of the strategy ultimately adopted to address potential risks associated with global warming, the issue is ushering in a new phase of policymaking. Political leaders and citizens-at-large must increasingly cope with risk and uncertainty as part of policymaking. For example, debate over the risks associated with pesticides, electromagnetic fields (EMFs), and asbestos used for building insulation involve much the same issues of scientific uncertainty and economic trade-offs as does global warming. Such issues necessitate a more sophisticated political debate and an increased sensitivity to the limitations of science and the importance of economics.”

“One lesson from the ongoing debates over risk and uncertainty is that, in general, policies to address risks posed by potential environmental changes should not be developed in isolation. Although it is politically tempting to respond to a particular crisis—whether it be the energy crisis, the toxic crisis, or the EMF crisis—policies oriented towards “solving” a single environmental problem tend to be expensive and ineffective. A good case in point is the federal Superfund program, which, despite targeting billions of dollars on a limited number of toxic sites, has probably purchased less environmental health and safety than a broader-based program to reduce ongoing toxic emissions would have achieved.”

http://www.reason.org/ps167.html

States Not Permitted to Control EMF’s September 7, 2006

Posted by healthyself in Bioeffects, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Cancer Protection, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell phone towers, Cell Phones, Communication, Decision Making, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, Employees, EMR, Environment, Flagpoles, Government's role, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, HOuseholds, Immune system, Inner Agitation, Legal Issues, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Men's Health, Microwave exposure, Mitigation, mobile telephones, Monitoring, Non Profit Organizations, Parenting, Police Officers, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, radiation, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, School administrators, Teenagers, Transfer, transmission, W/Kg, watts, Who is Affected?, Workplace.
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“Although some local and state governments have enacted rules and regulations about human exposure to RF energy in the past, the Telecommunications Act of 1996 requires the Federal Government to control human exposure to RF emissions. In particular, Section 704 of the Act states that, “No State or local government or instrumentality thereof may regulate the placement, construction, and modification of personal wireless service facilities on the basis of the environmental effects of radio frequency emissions to the extent that such facilities comply with the Commission’s regulations concerning such emissions.” Further information on federal authority and FCC policy is available in a fact sheet from the FCC’s Wireless Telecommunications Bureau at www.fcc.gov/wtb.”

http://www.fda.gov/cellphones/qa.html#8a

Monitoring the Radio Frequencies from Antennas and Transmitters September 7, 2006

Posted by healthyself in Biofield, Biological Effects, Blood Brain Barrier, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell phone towers, Cell Phones, Children's health, Decision Making, Digital, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, Employees, EMR, Environment, Firehouses, Frequencies, Funding, Government's role, Grants, Health related, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, HOuseholds, Hz, Immune system, Inner Agitation, Legal Issues, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Men's Health, MHz, Microwave exposure, mobile telephones, Monitoring, Parenting, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, radiation, Risk of Disease, Teenagers, transmission, VDT, W/Kg, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Women's Health, Workplace.
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” The FCC does not have the resources or the personnel to routinely monitor the emissions for all the thousands of transmitters that are subject to FCC jurisdiction. However, the FCC does have measurement instrumentation for evaluating RF levels in areas that may be accessible to the public or to workers. If there is evidence for potential non-compliance with FCC exposure guidelines for a FCC-regulated facility, staff from the FCC’s Office of Engineering and Technology or the FCC Enforcement Bureau can conduct and investigation, and, if appropriate, perform actual measurements. Circumstances that could give rise to a concern about an facility’s conformance with FCC regulations can be found in in A Local Government Official’s Guide to Transmitting Antenna RF Emission Safety: Rules, Procedures, and Practical Guidance. This Guide can be accessed at: http://www.fcc.gov/oet/rfsafety. Potential exposure problems should be brought to the FCC’s attention by contacting the FCC RF Safety Program at: 202-418-2464 or by e-mail: rfsafety@fcc.gov.”

http://www.fda.gov/cellphones/qa.html#2

30% of Childhood Cancer Due to Magnetic Fields September 6, 2006

Posted by healthyself in Bioeffects, Biological Effects, Birth Defects, Blogroll, Brain Cancer, Cancer, Cancer Protection, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell Phones, Children's health, Death, DNA, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, EMF Research, EMF's, Employees, EMR, Environment, Epidemiologists, Hand Portables, Health related, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, HOuseholds, Hz, Kids, Lack of Concentration, Leukemia, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Men's Health, MHz, Microwave exposure, miscarriages, mobile telephones, Parenting, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, radiation, Research, Risk of Disease, School administrators, School Boards, Schools, Stress, Teenagers, transmission, Tumors, VDT, W/Kg, watts, Waves, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Women's Health.
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Maggie Hannegan is a Director if Corporate Relations with the American
Cancer Society.

On Friday Aug. 25th, 2006, she emailed Dr. David O. Carpenter, at the
Institute for Health and the Environment at the University of Albany in New York.
I have permission to pass this very important communication to you.

Dear Dr. Carpenter:

I have been fielding questions from a number of individuals concerned
about cancer and electromagnetic sensitivity and your name came up as a
resource.
Obviously, I am not a doctor or health specialist, but due to the fact I
work at ACS I get many questions about cancer and causes of cancer. The
following quote was attributed to you…is this in fact your finding?
Thank you.

“The International Agency for Research on Cancer – part of the WHO and
the leading international organisation on the disease – classes the
electromagnetic smog as a “possible human carcinogen”. And Professor
David Carpenter, dean of the School of Public Health at the State
University of New York, told The Independent on Sunday last week that it
was likely to cause up to 30 per cent of all childhood cancers. A report
by the California Health Department concludes that it is also likely to
cause adult leukaemia, brain cancers and possibly breast cancer and
could be responsible for a 10th of all miscarriages”

Dr. Carpenter responded:
The quote is essentially correct. In the Winter, 1988, issue
of Forum for Applied Research and Public Policy, I and Dr. Anders Ahlbom
published a short report entitled “Power lines and cancer: Public health
and policy implications.” In that report we calculated on the basis of
the study by Savitz et al. (1988) that if his results applied to the
the rest of the country (his study was only in Denver) that 10-15% of
childhood cancer was caused by power line fields. We also noted that
there are many other sources of exposure to magnetic fields, such as
appliances and exposures in schools etc., and that these exposures
should contribute about equally to those from the power lines. This has
been translated by some to say that up to 30% of all childhood cancer is
due to magnetic fields.
If you use these calculations I would appreciate having them put into the context in which they were proposed. Thanks for your interest.
David Carpenter

Why Would WHO Do This If There Weren’t a Recognized Problem? (Even if they won’t admit it yet) September 5, 2006

Posted by healthyself in .000021 W/Kg, .0004 W/Kg, .001 W/Kg, .0021 W/KG, .005 W/Kg, .0317 W/Kg, .05 W/Kg, .13 W/Kg, .14 W/Kg, .2 mHz, .26 W/Kg, .4 W/Kg, .58 W.Kg, .6 W/Kg, .75 W/Kg, 1.2 W/Kg, 1.6 W/kg, 100 kHz-94GHz, 10000 Hz, 10mW, 12000 volts, 138 kv, 14 mG, 16 Hz, 17.6 Hz, 2 W/kg, 2.4 GHz, 2.4 mW/Kg, 20 Hz, 200 gauss, 20000 Hz, 200000 Hz, 35 mG, 3W/Kg, 4 mG, 45, 45 Hz, 5 GHz, 5 Hz, 50 Hz, 500 Volts, 60 Hz Magnetic Fields, 85, 8W/kg, 900 mHz, Animal Research, Cell phone safety, Children's health, Chromosomal damage, Communication, Community, Death, Decision Making, Digital, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, Employees, EMR, Environment, Epidemiologists, Funding, Games and Gaming, genes, GHz, Government's role, grams of tissue, Grants, Hand Portables, Health related, High Frequencies, HOuseholds, Hz, Immune system, Legal Issues, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Medical Research, Men's Health, MHz, Microwave exposure, Military, miscarriages, mobile telephones, Noise, Parenting, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, radiation, Reaction Time, Research, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, Safety, SAR, School administrators, Teenagers, Tweenies, University, W/Kg, watts, Who is Affected?, Women's Health, Workplace.
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Electromagnetic fields Photos permitted by the National Radiological Protection Board, UK

“Electromagnetic fields of all frequencies represent one of the most common and fastest growing environmental influences, about which anxiety and speculation are spreading. All populations are now exposed to varying degrees of EMF, and the levels will continue to increase as technology advances.”

“As part of its Charter to protect public health and in response to public concern, the World Health Organization (WHO) established the International EMF Project in 1996 to assess the scientific evidence of possible health effects of EMF in the frequency range from 0 to 300 GHz.”
“The EMF Project is open to broad participation.”

“The EMF Project is open to any WHO Member State government, i.e. department of health, or representatives of other national institutions concerned with radiation protection. The project is fully funded by participating countries and agencies.”

Effect on Eyes by Cell Phone Radiation Has Not Been Measured September 4, 2006

Posted by healthyself in Bioeffects, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Cataracts, Cell phone safety, Cell Phones, Children's health, Digital, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Endogenous Fields, Eye Cancer, Games and Gaming, Government's role, grams of tissue, Hand Portables, Health related, HOuseholds, Learning, Legal Issues, Lethargy, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, MCS, Medical Research, Memory Loss, MHz, Microwave exposure, mobile telephones, Noise, Ocular, Parenting, Penetration, Pulsed Radiation, radiation, Reaction Time, Research, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, Safety, SAR, School administrators, Teenagers, Tweenies, W/Kg, watts, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Women's Health, Workplace.
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One more strong point to validate that SAR testing is not adequate for judging a cell phone users safety. 

“With SAR testing, Dummy heads are filled with solutions to simulate brain conductivity and probed to measure depth and intensity. Amazingly enough regulatory agencies have not deemed it necessary to measure exposure to eyes.… Eye’s are unprotected by the skull and comprised of cells that are extremely sensitive to electromagnetic energy.” 

4 – 10 µW/cm2 Visual reaction time in children is slowed//lower memory function in tests
Chiang, H., et. al., 1989. Health effects of environmental electromagnetic fields. Journal of Bioelectricity, 8: 127-131

http://www.rfsafe.com/health_effects.htm