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A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard December 7, 2007

Posted by healthyself in "Cellular" Relay Antennas, Cell phone safety, Cell phone towers, Cell Phone Transmissions, Cell Phones, Cellular Damage, Cellular Destruction, cellular functions, Children's health, Chronic Fatigue, Chronic Illness, Computer Rooms, Cordless Phones, Cytotoxic Effects, Dangerous, Data, Denial of Risk, Depression, Diseases, EEG, EHF, Electric Field, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, Electricity, Electrochemical, Electrochemical Communications, Electromagetic pollution, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, Electrophysiology, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Exposure, EMF Research, EMF's, EMF-induced effects, EMR, Environment, Frequencies, Global Health Disaster, Handheld Units, Hazard, Health and Safety Officer, Health related, Health Risks, Health warnings, Heavy Metals, Hospitals, HOuseholds, Human Populations, Human Resources, Immune system, Internet, Lifestyle, Lifetime, Long Term Health Effects, Magnetic Field Exposure, Men's Health, Metabolic Changes, Microwave exposure, Migraines, mobile telephones, Neural Electrophysiology, Pain Perception, Penetration, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Radio Frequency Microwaves, Rapidly pulsing, Recommendations, Research, Research Needed, Resonant Frequency, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Sleep Disorders, Sleep disturbances, Stress, Switched On, Transmitter Towers, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wireless, Wireless Phones, Women's Health.
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                                                                                                  BioInitiative Report:

A Rationale for a Biologically-based Public Exposure Standard
for Electromagnetic Fields (ELF and RF)


Each of the links below opens a PDF file in a new browser window. When done with a particluar file, closing the window will bring you back to this page.

August 31, 2007 UPDATE: This site was officially launched 8/31 at 1 a.m. EDT. If you downloaded, saved and/or printed any of the report files prior to this, please refer to all updated files after this launch date and time.

September 18, 2007BioInitiative Report / Complete – We have had requests for a copy of the Report in a single file format. Please note that the pagination in this single format retains the distinct section pagination used in each separate Section below and will print accordingly.

SECTION i.  Preface

SECTION ii: Table of Contents

SECTION 1: Summary for the Public (Conclusions, Table 1-1)
Ms. Sage

SECTION 2: Statement of the Problem
Ms. Sage

SECTION 3: The Existing Public Exposure Standards
Ms. Sage

SECTION 4: Evidence for Inadequacy of the Standards
Ms. Sage

SECTION 5: Evidence for Effects on Gene and Protein Expression (Transcriptomic and Proteomic Research)
Dr. Xu and Dr. Chen

SECTION 6: Evidence for Genotoxic Effects – RFR and ELF DNA Damage
Dr. Lai

SECTION 7: Evidence for Stress Response (Stress Proteins)
Dr. Blank

SECTION 8: Evidence for Effects on Immune Function
Dr. Johansson

SECTION 9: Evidence for Effects on Neurology and Behavior
Dr. Lai

SECTION 10: Evidence for Brain Tumors and Acoustic Neuromas
Dr. Hardell, Dr.Mild and Dr. Kundi

SECTION 11: Evidence for Childhood Cancers (Leukemia)
Dr. Kundi

SECTION 12: Magnetic Field Exposure: Melatonin Production; Alzheimer’s Disease; Breast Cancer
Dr. Davanipour and Dr. Sobel

SECTION 13: Evidence for Breast Cancer Promotion (Melatonin links in laboratory and cell studies)
Ms. Sage

SECTION 14: Evidence for Disruption by the Modulating Signal
Dr. Blackman

SECTION 15: Evidence Based on EMF Medical Therapeutics
Ms. Sage

SECTION 16: The Precautionary Principle
Mr. Gee

SECTION 17: Key Scientific Evidence and Public Health Policy Recommendations
Dr. Carpenter and Ms. Sage

SECTION 18: List of Participants and Affiliations

SECTION 19: Glossary of Terms and Abbreviations

SECTION 20: APPENDIX – Ambient ELF and RF levels
Average residential and occupational exposures

SECTION 21: Acknowledgements
http://www.bioinitiative.org/report/index.htm

Research on Correlation Between Autism, Cell Phones, and Wireless Computers April 24, 2007

Posted by healthyself in "Cellular" Relay Antennas, Adolescents, Amplified Signals, Autism, Autism / Asperger's, Bioeffects, Biological Activity, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Cell Phone Pulses, Cell phone safety, Cell Phone Transmissions, Cell Phones, Children, Children's health, Cordless Phones, Decision Making, Denial of Risk, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, Electricity, Electrochemical, Electrochemical Communications, Electromagetic pollution, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Signals, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Environment, Epidemiology, Frequencies, Hand Portables, Handheld Units, Hazard, Health, Health and Safety Officer, Health related, Health Risks, Health warnings, Heavy Metals, high voltage transmission lines, Homes, HOuseholds, Human Populations, Inner Agitation, Kids, Lab Tested, Lifestyle, Light, Long Term Health Effects, Long Term Health Risks, Medical Research, Mercury, Microwave exposure, Microwave Ovens, microwaves, Mobile Phone Transmissions, mobile telephones, Parenting, Pollution, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, radiation, Radio Frequency Microwaves, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Transmitters, Radio Waves, radioprotector, Radios, Relay Towers, Research Needed, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, Safety, Safety Barrier, SAR, School administrators, School Boards, Schools, Teenagers, Telecommunications, Toxic Interactions, Tweenies, VDT, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wired Phone, Wireless, Wireless Phones, Wireless Revolution.
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“Today the incidence of autism in the United States is 1 in 150 children, according to published CDC reports, a horrific increase from the end of the 1970s, when the ratio of autism in our society was 1 in 10,000, before the cell phone, wireless and similar technologies were introduced into the environment that produce radio waves”….”findings from more than five years of research on clients with autism, and other membrane sensitivity disorders”…”point to electromagnetic radiation stress, which increases with the proliferation of cell phone and wireless use, as one of the potentially major root causes of the explosion of autistic cases in the past two decades.”

“…Since we know that electrical currents at microvolt levels in the body are of vital importance, it makes a world of sense to research the potential of electromagnetic pollution in the etiology of disease. There is no doubt that we are seeing a severe epidemic rise of autism in children and the widespread use of electronics and wireless devices may well be a factor that has been ignored”…

…[There is a] “potentially groundbreaking link between electromagnetic pollution and the crippling of cellular detoxification. This may play a central role in autism as well as chronic illness of all types in all ages,”…

“…This toxic pollution entering the body is created from transmitting data as information carrying radio waves….”electromagnetic radiation as a cohort effect with heavy metals as a strong component of the etiology of autism.”

“…with more cell phone towers being erected, more cell phones in use globally and more WiFi technology utilized, the risk for autism continues to rise…..”The epidemiologic curve of autism parallels too closely with the increase usage of wireless devices ….”

http://www.genengnews.com/news/bnitem.aspx?name=15755319

Cell Phone Dangers April 12, 2007

Posted by healthyself in "Cellular" Relay Antennas, "No Fry Zone", 1.9 GHz, 217 Hz, Absorption, Accelerated Aging, Aging, Alzheimer's, Anatomy, Anger, Animal Research, Antennas, arteriosclerosis, Asthma, B-Cell Lymphomas, Biochemical, Bioeffects, Biological Activity, Biological Effects, Biophysicist, Birth Rate, Blogroll, Brain, Brain Cancer, Brain Damage, Brain Tumors, Bronchial Spasms, Calcium, Cancer, Captive Animals, Cardiac Problems, Cell changes, Cell Masts, cell membrane, Cell phone industry, Cell Phone Pulses, Cell phone safety, Cell phone towers, Cell Phone Transmissions, Cell Phones, Cellular Damage, Cellular Destruction, Cellular Phone Frequencies, Children, Children's health, Chromosomal damage, Chronic, Chronic Exhaustion, Chronic Fatigue, Chronic Illness, Church, Churches, Confusion, Consciousness, Cordless Phones, Cytotoxic Effects, Dangerous, Death, Death Rates, Denial of Risk, Diagnostic marker, Digital, Diseases, Dizziness, DNA, DNA Damage, Edginess, Effectiveness, Electrical Pulses, Electrochemical, Electrochemical Communications, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Signals, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, Emissions, Employees, EMR, EMR meter, encoded electrical energy, Energy Spikes, Environment, Epidemiologists, Epidemiology, Exposure, Fatigue, Federal Communication Commission, Fiber Optic, Fibre-Optic, Forgetfulness, Frequencies, Generations, genetic damage, Global Health Disaster, Government's role, Harmonics, Hazard, headaches, Headsets, Health and Safety Officer, Health related, Health Risks, Health warnings, Heart, Heart Attacks, Heart Disease, Hidden, high voltage transmission lines, Histamine, Homes, HOuseholds, HRD, Human Populations, Human Resources, Hz, Illness, Immune system, Immunity, Infectious Disease, Inherited, Interdisciplinary, Lab Tested, Learning, lethality, Lethargy, LF, Lifestyle, Lifetime, Long Term Health Effects, Long Term Health Risks, Low Dosage, Low Frequencies, Maximum Output Level, Medical Research, Memory, Memory Loss, Men's Health, Menstrual Cycle, microchips, Microwave exposure, Microwave Ovens, microwaves, Mitigation, Mobile Phone Transmissions, mobile telephones, Molecules, Monitoring Authorities, Moods, MS, National Security, nausea, nerves, Nervous System, neurological, Neurologist, Ovaries, Parenting, Peak Absorption, People in Laboratories, Permanent Brain Damage, Pets, Politics, Pollution, Power Densities, Prolonged calls, Proteins, Public Hearings, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Radar, radiation, Radio Frequency Microwaves, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Transmitters, Radio Waves, Radios, Rage, Rapidly pulsing, Real Time, Recovery, Relay Towers, Research, Research Needed, Resonance, Resonant Frequency, Right Side of the Head, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Rooflines, Safe Levels, Safety, Safety Barrier, SAR, Scary, School administrators, School Boards, Schools, sensations, Serotonin, Shields, Silicon Sensors, Sleep, Sleep Disorders, Sleep disturbances, Species-Limiting, Spectrum Analyzer, Stand-by Mode, Standards, Steeples, Stress, Studies, Subtle Energies, Suicide, Switched On, Symptoms, Testicles, Tissues, Toxic Interactions, toxicity, Toxin, Transmitter Towers, Tumors, Twangs, UHF, Unsafe, Violence, Voting, White Blood Cells, Who is Affected?, Wireless, Wireless Phones, Wireless Revolution, Women's Health, Workplace, zapped.
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Grave Cell Phone Dangers Revealed

“Though intended for renovations, Chris Anderson would like all visitors to deposit their cellular phones in the cement mixer by his front door. This sounds excessive – until you step into Anderson’s orchard, where the pegged needle of a shrieking electromagnetic radiation (EMR) meter placed beside a connected cellphone still shows significant exposure 100 feet away.”

“Much to the chagrin of this certified EMR-mitigation specialist, every day some 300 million cell phone users are “reaching out and touching someone you love. Yourself, and anyone else within range of the microwaves emitted by your cell phone.”

“Mesmerized by magical gadgets, we have yet to count the costs of miniature radio transmitters that are transforming Marconi’s invention into new possibilities for portable personal pollution. As entire nations reach for pocket communicators, the explosively emergent $40 billion a year cell phone industry is poised to deliver a “Wireless Revolution” which, over the next five years, is expected to double the one-billion people connected by telephone lines over the past century.”

“Silicon sensors are already calling to each other. Soon, countless communicating microchips embedded in everything from bumpers to brooms will be sending streams of encoded electrical energy through glass, steel, concrete, bone and flesh. Exquisitely sensitive to subtle electromagnetic harmonies, human brains and bodies as intricate as galaxies depend on tiny electrical impulses to conduct complex life-processes – including the ability to read, recall and respond to these words. Acting as antennas, our anatomies just as easily tune into spurious signals from radio and microwave transmissions. Blake Levitt, author of Electromagnetic Fields, says that when it comes to cellphones, “a worse frequency could not have been chosen for the human anatomy.”

“As cell phones conquer consumer minds and markets, researcher Carolanne Patton notes that “the brain reaches peak absorption in the UHF bands, right where cellular telecommunications operate.” British military scientists have discovered that cellphone transmissions disrupt the brain sites for memory and learning, causing forgetfulness and sudden confusion.”
….”Instead of just another dangerous distraction, tests conducted by the U.S.Department of Energy found that using a cell phone severely impairs memory and reaction times. “Hands-free” mobile speaker-phones cause even more crashes because they typically emit 10-times more brainwave interference than handheld units.”….In New Zealand, cellphone towers are prohibited on school property because of possible health effects. But Health Canada regulations ignore the hidden hazards of cell-wrenching cellphones, which send pulsed signals through the skull in a process one expert likens to “jackhammers on the brain.” “Safety Code 6″ looks only at microwaves burning skin.” “Basically, Health Canada claims if it can’t cook you, it can’t hurt you,” says Walter McGinnis. “It’s like saying cigarettes aren’t dangerous unless they burn you.”

“One of a handful of licensed electricians who understand electromagnetic fields well enough to eliminate them from household wiring, McGinnis has been testing EMFs and collaborating with fellow testers and researchers for nearly a decade. In Victoria, where he has helped residents defeat six cellphone towers, there was dancing in the streets after Microcell Connexions withdrew its application to erect a microwave transmission tower against the Wishart Elementary School fence in the spring of 1998. Microcell spokesman Colin McCrae points out that emissions from the company’s towers carry about the same energy as a 50-watt lightbulb – well within federal guidelines.”

“This is hardly reassuring, retorts the former president of the Wisehart parents advisory council. Tania Berenuik observes that Health Canada “also told us thalidomide, asbestos and the blood supply were safe.” Carrying similar risks of long-term lethality, and strangely just as legal, cellphone addiction mirrors the prestigious early allure of smoking – as well as an immensely profitable industry’s steadfast denial of risk and responsibility. As poisonous as cigarette smoke and even harder to corral, the cellphone’s “second-hand” microwave and to bystanders – particularly children riding in cars that transmit amplified cellphone signals through their steel structure. Reporting the conclusions of a 12-person British study team, scientist Sir William Stewart told London’s Financial Times that “children may be more vulnerable because of their developing nervous system, the greater absorption of energy in the tissues of the head and a longer lifetime of exposure.”

“Roger Coghill became a long-standing advocate for health warnings to be affixed to cell phones after this biologist found that cellphone transmissions damage the ability of white blood cells to ward off infectious disease by disrupting the immune system’s electromagnetic communications. Dr. Neil Cherry has measured accelerated aging, increased cell death and cancers caused by radio frequency microwaves from cellphones and their relay towers. With the brain’s electro-chemical communications repeatedly zapped by lightning-like cellphone pulses, this Ph.D. biophysicist warns that headaches, fatigue, lethargy, nausea, dizziness, depression, arteriosclerosis and even Alzheimer’s can result from frequent or prolonged calls on cell phones.”

“There is also a higher incidence of cardiac problems,” Cherry comments, “in terms of the timing function in hearts. You get more heart attacks and more heart disease – it has now been shown in many studies.” The biophysicist from Lincoln University in Christ Church, New Zealand has also found that cell phones can murderously modify moods. In brains and bodies seriously derailed by tiny imbalances in trace minerals and hormones, depression, suicide, anger, rage and violence can result when calcium and serotonin levels are disrupted by cellphone transmissions.”

“In 1995, Cell phone sales in North America exceeded the birth rate. Hired by the Cellular Telecommunications Industry Association to condone cellphones, public health scientist George Carlo found that rare tumors on the outside of the brain are more than doubled among cell phone callers – particularly on the right side of the head where phones are usually held. Carlo told ABC’s “20/20” that cell phone causes genetic damage that leads to cancer. Warning of “the potential for a global health disaster,” ABC recommended “prudent avoidance” of cellphones after finding that every cellphone they lab-tested exceeded the Federal Communication Commission’s standards for EMF absorption rates. EMF researcher Dave Ashton cautioned 20/20 viewers that because cellphones constantly search for the nearest repeating tower, “long-term damage comes from cell phones in the stand-by mode.” Cell phone “shields” and headsets “cannot adequately address these problems,” Ashton added.”

“Dr. Carlo later told London’s Express newspaper that cellphones cause genetic damage following a dose-response curve. That is, the more a person uses a cell phone, the more cellular destruction and health risks they incur. Cell phone-confused cells can go crazy, Carlo cautioned. Experiments on captive animals show that this cumulative DNA damage is passed on to succeeding generations.”

“Addicted as we are to a culture of convenience, we forget how inconvenient it is to contract cancer. An Adelaide Hospital study confirmed Carlo’s conclusions after finding B-cell lymphomas doubled in mice within 18 months of one-hour daily exposure to power densities experienced by a cellphone user. B-cell lymphomas are implicated in 85% of all cancers.”

“Ready or Not As magazine-size “cellular” relay antennas hidden in church steeples and rooflines keep popping up just about everywhere, more and more communities are declaring their airspace a “No Fry Zone”. But in Canada, where cell phone towers come under federal jurisdiction, municipalities are only “advisers’ to a process in which no permits are required to erect transmitter towers deemed necessary for “national security.” Cellphones do save a lot of lives. FCC Chairman William Kennard reports that every day more than 98,000 people make 911 calls from wireless cell phones.”

“Many more lives are involuntarily imperiled by non-emergency calls. Pat Irwin was working in a Colwood health food store when she noticed a truck unloading metal framework. The next morning, a new cellphone tower was ready to add its emissions to another BC Tel tower already operating down the street. There had been no announcement, no public hearings – just a quiet notification to the municipality that a tower was going up, literally overnight.”

“The intruder radiated for a month when Irwin felt her immunity dropping. She wondered if other changes in her energy and menstrual cycle were “not from the moon or something that I ate.”

“Irwin also seemed more irritable after her central nervous switchboard began receiving round-the-clock cellphone calls. With cellular relay towers in Kansas and Oklahoma being shut down because they interfered with passing aircraft, Irwin sensed how the same transmissions plucked her own electrical circuitry, inflicting a “chronic edginess” that “twangs human nerves.” Sleep disorders, she learned, are common among people exposed to high levels of electromagnetic pollution.”

“After several other women in the same business centre reported similar symptoms, Irwin quit her job. “I saw it as something that was there to stay and I’d be daily exposed to it over a long period of time,” she told Alive. “All this stuff is what we’re playing with on a daily basis, and we don’t know the long-term health effects.”

“Implying recognized hazard, cell phone companies such as B.C.’s FIDO insist that the new digital phones operating at 1/50 the power of older analog models are safer. But there is nothing “safe” about the new 1.9 gigahertz broadcasting frequency. Much like a boxer taking repeated blows to the head, rapidly pulsing cellphones signal permanent brain damage. A study by Dr. Peter Franch found unequivocally that “cells are permanently damaged by cellular phone frequencies.” This cellular damage, Franch noted, is maximized at low dosage – and “inherited unchanged, from generation to generation.”

“Attempting to explain a 25% increase in asthma and a 5% increase in asthma-related death rates throughout rapidly “mobilizing” metropolitan Sydney, Franch found that the production of histamine, which triggers bronchial spasms, is nearly doubled after exposure to mobile phone transmissions. Cellphones also reduce the effectiveness of anti-asthmatic drugs, and retard recovery from illness.”

“Katharina Gustavss, a certified Building Biology consultant with 25 years experience, explains that CDMA’s 217 Hz spikes are very close to the frequencies of human cell membranes. Gustavss accompanied a Microcell technician to the Colwood microwave relay tower Irwin and others had complained about. When he waved a spectrum analyzer, Gustavss checked the display and saw “pretty scary” energy spikes. “What’s that?” she asked the tech. “I’ve never seen that before,” he told her. It turned out that this cellphone tower tester only set his meter to an averaging mode. Switching to “real time” froze the readings at “scary” maximum output levels.”

“How dangerous are cell phones? “The risk is extremely high,” declares Dr. Cherry. “There are 66 epidemiological studies showing that electromagnetic radiation across the spectrum increaseS brain tumors in human populations. Two of those studies are for particular brain tumors from cell phones.”

“Cherry says that because cancer takes decades to develop, it will be another 10 or 20 years before “mobiles” manifest a big bonanza in brain tumors. But he adds, we’re already seeing “acute effects that are noticed within minutes of using a cell phone.”

“After two minutes’ conversation, a cell phone’s digitized impulses disable the safety barrier that isolates the brain from destructive proteins and poisons in the blood. Professor Leif Salford, the neurologist who carried out the research for this finding, informed the Daily Mail: “It seems that molecules such as proteins and toxins can pass out of the blood, while the phone is switched on, and enter the brain. We need to bear in mind diseases such as MS and Alzheimer’s which are linked to proteins being found in the brain.”

“Dancing with the Telecomonster If you must pack a cell phone, treat it like a loaded pistol. Keep it turned off. Don’t carry it near ovaries, testicles, or the heart. For partial protection, buy an antenna shield. Limit calls to one-minute, six to 10 minutes a month. Never fire off a cellphone with children anywhere in sight.”

“A better bet is to facilitate the growth of organic telephone networks with lots of fibre. Instead of more microwave towers, “We should be wiring up our cities with fibre-optic cables to provide Internet, fax, telephone, radio and television at very high quality,” Cherry urges, “rather than saturating our cities with the microwave, radiowave and low frequency signals all the time.”

“When it comes to cells, consciousness and cell phones, every call is collect. How can convenience count more than cancer? What is gained by being in constant contact with disembodied voices, while being “out of touch” with the friends and neighbours around us? Are we comfortable having our location traced by monitoring authorities?”

“Unless we start voting with our wallets, consumer complacency could prove as species-limiting as corporate cynicism. “Microwave frequencies are the same as those used in radar and your microwave oven,” says Florida cellphone tower opponent Joe Chwick. “You wouldn’t think of sticking your head in the oven, but there is no hesitation to putting the cell phone to your ear.”

By: will thomas

Thursday, July 06, 2006

http://campaignfortruth.com/Eclub/210305/CTM%20-%20phone%20dangers%20revealed.htm

What is Non-Ionizing Radiation? April 6, 2007

Posted by healthyself in 0 Hz-3kHz, 000 Hz, 1 GHz- 300 GHz, 1 mm, 100 nm - 400 nm, 3 kHz-300 GHz, 300 GHz, 400 nm - 700 nm, 700 nm, Amplified Signals, Amplitude, Analog, Antennas, Atmospheric Pressure, Blogroll, Bytes, Cable, Cell Masts, Cell Phones, Coherence, Computer Rooms, Cordless Phones, DECT, Distribution, Earth, EEG, EHF, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Entropy, Environment, Exposure, Fiber Optic, Frequencies, Hand Portables, Handheld Units, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Internet, ionizing radiation, Landline, Laptops, LF, Lifestyle, Light, light beam, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Magnetic, MCS, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Mobile Music, mobile telephones, Non-Thermal Levels, Penetration, Photons, Photosensitive, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Pure Tone, QV, Radar, Radians, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Waves, radioprotector, Radios, Research Needed, Resonance, Resonant Frequency, ringing, ringtones, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, Safety, SAR, Schuman Resonance, SHF, Speakerphones, Spectrum, Telecommunications, Telephony, Transducer, Transfer, transmission, UHF, Ultraviolet, VDT, Visible Light, VLF, W/Kg, W/m2, watts, Wave Front, Waves, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wired, Wired Phone, Wireless, Wireless Phones, X-Rays.
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Definitions

The properties and effects of non-ionising radiations are very diverse. For the purpose of this Policy non-ionising radiations include:

Extremely low frequency (ELF) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies in the range 0 Hz (static fields) to 3 kHz, including the 50 Hz electric and magnetic fields associated with the domestic mains electricity supply such as in domestic electrical appliances, electricity supply substations and overhead power lines.

Radiofrequency (RF) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies in the range 3 kHz to 300 GHz, which is produced by artificial sources such as visual display units and mobile phones.

Microwave (MW) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with frequencies in the range 1 GHz to 300 GHz, which is produced by artificial sources such as in microwave ovens and by microwave communication devices. (This radiation is now considered part of Radiofrequency radiation.)

Infrared (IR) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 700 nm and 1 mm, which is present in sunlight and produced by artificial sources such as electric radiator heaters.

Visible light

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 400 nm (blue) and 700 nm (red), which is present in sunlight and produced by numerous artificial sources, including lasers.

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation

Electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths between 100 nm and 400 nm, which is present in sunlight as well as produced by artificial sources such as arc welding and sterilization lamps.

http://www.unisa.edu.au/policies/policies/hr/HR30.asp

What are Electric and Magnetic Fields? April 6, 2007

Posted by healthyself in Blogroll, Definitions, Earth, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, EMF's, EMR, Environment, Frequencies, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Hz, LF, Light, light beam, Low Frequencies, Magnetic, MCS, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Radar, Radians, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Waves, Resonant Frequency, Safe Levels, Transducer, transmission, UHF, VDT, VLF, W/Kg, W/m2, watts, Wave Front, Waves.
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Electric fields

Magnetic fields

  1. Electric fields arise from voltage.
  2. Their strength is measured in Volts per metre (V/m)
  3. An electric field can be present even when a device is switched off.
  4. Field strength decreases with distance from the source.
  5. Most building materials shield electric fields to some extent.
  1. Magnetic fields arise from current flows.
  2. Their strength is measured in amperes per meter (A/m). Commonly, EMF investigators use a related measure, flux density (in microtesla (µT) or millitesla (mT) instead.
  3. Magnetic fields exist as soon as a device is switched on and current flows.
  4. Field strength decreases with distance from the source.
  5. Magnetic fields are not attenuated by most mat

http://www.who.int/peh-emf/about/WhatisEMF/en/

Protection Against Ionizing Radiation April 5, 2007

Posted by healthyself in Animal Research, Antioxidants, Bioeffects, Biological Activity, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Brain Cancer, Breast Cancer, Cancer Protection, Cell changes, cell membrane, Cells, Children's health, Chromosomal damage, Cordless Phones, Cytotoxic Effects, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Endocrine, Environment, Epidemiology, Free Radicals, Frequencies, genetic damage, Health related, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Homes, HOuseholds, Hz, Immune system, Insomnia, Interdisciplinary, ionizing radiation, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Lymphoma, Medical Research, Melatonin, Metabolic Changes, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Networks, Non-Thermal Levels, Oscillate, Penetration, Pineal Gland, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, radiation, Radio Waves, radioprotector, Research, Research Needed, ringtones, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, scavenger, Sick People, Sleep disturbances, Solutions, Stress, subcellular structures, Symptoms, Telecommunications, terrorism, toxicity, Who is Affected?, Workplace, X-Rays.
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“Melatonin (N-acetyl-5-methoxytryptamine), the chief secretory product of the pineal gland in the brain, is well known for its functional versatility. In hundreds of investigations, melatonin has been documented as a direct free radical scavenger and an indirect antioxidant, as well as an important immunomodulatory agent. The radical scavenging ability of melatonin is believed to work via electron donation to detoxify a variety of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, including the highly toxic hydroxyl radical. It has long been recognized that the damaging effects of ionizing radiation are brought about by both direct and indirect mechanisms. The direct action produces disruption of sensitive molecules in the cells, whereas the indirect effects ( approximately 70%) result from its interaction with water molecules, which results in the production of highly reactive free radicals such as *OH, *H, and e(aq)- and their subsequent action on subcellular structures. The hydroxyl radical scavenging ability of melatonin was used as a rationale to determine its radioprotective efficiency. Indeed, the results from many in vitro and in vivo investigations have confirmed that melatonin protects mammalian cells from the toxic effects of ionizing radiation. Furthermore, several clinical reports indicate that melatonin administration, either alone or in combination with traditional radiotherapy, results in a favorable efficacy:toxicity ratio during the treatment of human cancers. This article reviews the literature from laboratory investigations that document the ability of melatonin to scavenge a variety of free radicals (including the hydroxyl radical induced by ionizing radiation) and summarizes the evidence that should be used to design larger translational research-based clinical trials using melatonin as a radioprotector and also in cancer radiotherapy. The potential use of melatonin for protecting individuals from radiation terrorism is also considered.”

Melatonin as a radioprotective agent: a review.

Vijayalaxmi, Reiter RJ, Tan DX, Herman TS, Thomas CR Jr.

Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, 78229, USA. vijay@uthscsa.edu

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve&db=pubmed&dopt=Abstract&list_uids=15183467

High Frequency Electromagnetic Fields April 5, 2007

Posted by healthyself in Amplified Signals, Amplitude, Antennas, Blogroll, Cable, Cell Masts, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell Phones, Computer Rooms, Cordless Phones, Definitions, Digital, Distribution, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Wiring, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic Spectrum, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, EMR, Energy, Environment, Epidemiology, Exposure, Frequencies, GHz, Government's role, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Homes, HOuseholds, HRD, Human Resources, Hz, Infrared, Interdisciplinary, Landline, Laptops, Legal Issues, Lifestyle, Low Frequencies, MCS, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Mitigation, mobile telephones, Oscillate, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Radar, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Radio Waves, Radios, Research Needed, Resonant Frequency, Risk of Disease, Sound, Speakerphones, Telecommunications, Telephony, Transducer, Transfer, transmission, UHF, VDT, VLF, W/Kg, W/m2, watts, Wave Front, Waves, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wired, Wired Phone, Wireless, Wireless Phones, Workplace, X-Rays.
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“Mobile telephones, television and radio transmitters and radar produce RF fields. These fields are used to transmit information over long distances and form the basis of telecommunications as well as radio and television broadcasting all over the world. Microwaves are RF fields at high frequencies in the GHz range. In microwaves ovens, we use them to quickly heat food.””At radio frequencies, electric and magnetic fields are closely interrelated and we typically measure their levels as power densities in watts per square metre (W/m2).”

“Key points:

  • The electromagnetic spectrum encompasses both natural and human-made sources of electromagnetic fields.
  • Frequency and wavelength characterise an electromagnetic field. In an electromagnetic wave, these two characteristics are directly related to each other: the higher the frequency the shorter the wavelength.
  • Ionizing radiation such as X-ray and gamma-rays consists of photons which carry sufficient energy to break molecular bonds. Photons of electromagnetic waves at power and radio frequencies have much lower energy that do not have this ability.
  • Electric fields exist whenever charge is present and are measured in volts per metre (V/m). Magnetic fields arise from current flow. Their flux densities are measured in microtesla (µT) or millitesla (mT).
  • At radio and microwave frequencies, electric and magnetic fields are considered together as the two components of an electromagnetic wave. Power density, measured in watts per square metre (W/m2), describes the intensity of these fields.
  • Low frequency and high frequency electromagnetic waves affect the human body in different ways.
  • Electrical power supplies and appliances are the most common sources of low frequency electric and magnetic fields in our living environment. Everyday sources of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields are telecommunications, broadcasting antennas and microwave ovens.”

http://www.who.int/peh-emf/about/WhatisEMF/en/

Sleep Problems, the use of CPAP and BIPAP machines, and Electromagnetic Concerns April 2, 2007

Posted by healthyself in Bioeffects, Biological Activity, Biological Dentistry, Biological Effects, BIPAP, Blogroll, Brainwave Interference, Buzzing, Central Nervous System, Chronic Exhaustion, Chronic Fatigue, Consciousness, CPAP, Cytotoxic Effects, Decision Making, Definitions, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, Electromagetic pollution, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF's, Employees, EMR, Energy Centers, Environment, Epidemiologists, Epidemiology, Exposure, Frequencies, grams of tissue, Health, Health and Safety Officer, Health related, Homes, Hospitals, HOuseholds, HRD, Human Resources, Hz, Inflammation, Insomnia, Interdisciplinary, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Low Frequencies, Medical Research, Melatonin, Men's Health, Metabolic Changes, MF, MHz, Microwave exposure, Mitigation, Neural Electrophysiology, neurological, Neurotransmitters, Non Profit Organizations, Parenting, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Research, Research Needed, Resonance, Resonant Frequency, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Sick People, signaling enzymes, Skull, Sleep, Sleep Centers, Sleep disturbances, Solutions, Stress, Symptoms, Toxic Interactions, University, Vibration, VLF, watts, Waves, Who is Affected?, Wired, Women's Health, yawning.
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Do you use a machine to help you sleep?

You may be exposing yourself to increased pulsed radiation.

“…any machine that is operational will be putting forth a magnetic field. Considering the fact that both the cpap and bipap are strictly to insure respiration makes them a higher priority for health than the EMFs. Thus the only consideration is to convert the MF to a less invasive form. There are several devices that can be applied to these and any other electrical devices to decrease the effects of the EMFs. If that suggestion does not fall completely within your level of acceptability you might try to convince the manufacturers to come with a longer hose in order to create a greater distance from the actual pump.”

Dr. Howard Fisher

Watch for Dr. Fisher’s upcoming book: “The Invisible Threat: The Risks sssociated ith EMFs,” which will be released soon.

Should Cell Masts Be Allowed Near Schools or Homes? December 15, 2006

Posted by healthyself in Aging, Bioeffects, Biological Effects, Blogroll, Cancer, Cancer Protection, Cell phone industry, Cell phone safety, Cell phone towers, Cell Phones, Children's health, Conversations, Cordless Phones, Decision Making, Elderly, Electromagetic pollution, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, EMF Research, EMF's, Environment, Exposure, Family, Frequencies, Government's role, Health, Health related, Homes, Legal Issues, Long Term Health Risks, Men', Men's Health, Microwave exposure, mobile telephones, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, Research Needed, School administrators, School Boards, Schools, Stress, Who is Affected?, Wireless Phones, Women's Health, Workplace.
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A cancer expert has warned that a mobile phone mast that has contributed to 27 deaths and illnesses in 13 years was evidence to show masts should not be built near homes or schools.”

”Norwich North MP Ian Gibson has been a supporter of the Evening News Put Masts On Hold campaign, which calls for an end to masts being installed near homes and schools until there is conclusive proof that they pose no health risk.”

”Mr Gibson said it was essential that more research was carried out into the safety implications of such equipment after reports in national newspapers told of two estates where families said masts caused ill health. In Shooters Hill, Stoke-on-Trent, there have been seven deaths and 20 illnesses since phone giant Orange put up a mast in 1993.”

”Four people died of brain haemorrhages within three years of each other, while three others died from cancer. Another newspaper reported on a block of flats in Bristol where the cancer rate is 10 times that of the rest of the UK.”

“Orange said its masts were safe and cited a factsheet from the World Health Organisation which said there was no adverse or long-term health effects from that kind of low-level frequency.”

”The cases have parallels with a road in the city where eight people in one road near a mast had cancer. “

”Families living in Furze Road, Thorpe St Andrew, believed their cancers had been caused by a huge mobile phone base station which towers over their homes.”

’Betty Chaplin, 80, who moved into Furze Road near the St Williams Way mast in 1998 and within months developed cancer in her small intestine which required an operation, said there should be more research done into the correlation.”

“I think there must be a link,” she said. “As soon as I moved into this house I developed bowel cancer but I was operated on and was alright.”

Last year the Government’s chief advisor on mobile phone safety Sir William Stewart called for a precautionary ban on putting masts near schools and homes.”

”Dr Gibson said: “These latest cases seem to confirm that Sir William Stewart’s precautionary approach is the right one.”

”Are you fighting a mobile phone mast application where you live? Or do you think a mobile phone mast has made you ill? Call Peter Walsh on 01603 772439 or e-mail peter.walsh @archant.co.uk”

By DAN GRIMMER
05 December 2006 10:30

Copyright © 2006 Archant Regional. All rights reserved.

http://omega.twoday.net/stories/3026302

Grave cell phone danger—pay attention to this! December 2, 2006

Posted by healthyself in 217 Hz, ADD, Addiction, ADHD, Adolescents, Aging, Allergies, ALS, Alzheimer's, angst, Antennas, Anxiety, arteriosclerosis, Attention, Attention Deficit, Autism / Asperger's, Bioeffects, Biological Activity, Biological Effects, Bioscalar Energy, Birth Defects, Blogroll, Blood Brain Barrier, Blood Pressure, Brain, Brain Cancer, Brainwave Interference, Breast Cancer, Cancer, Cardiac Problems, Cell changes, Cell death, cell membrane, Cell phone safety, Cell phone towers, Cell Phones, Cells, Cellular Morphology, Central Nervous System, Childhood Leukemia, Children, Children's health, Chromosomal damage, Chronic Exhaustion, Chronic Fatigue, Chronic Illness, Circadian rhythms, Circulation, Coherence, Communication, Community, Concentration, Connective Tissue Pains, Conversations, Cordless Phones, Cytotoxic Effects, Death, Dementia, Depression, Diagnostic marker, Digital, Dizziness, DNA, Dopamine, Ear, ear ache, earphones, EEG, Elderly, Electrical Components, Electrical Pulses, Electrical Surges, Electrical Wiring, Electrochemical, electromagnetic, Electromagnetic Communications, Electromagnetic Field, Electromagnetic Interference, Electromagnetic pollution, Electromagnetic Radiation, Electromagnetic waves, Electrosensitivity, Electrosmog, ELF, Emergency Medicine, EMF Research, EMF's, Employees, EMR, Endogenous Fields, Energy, Environment, Epidemiologists, Epidemiology, Epilepsy, Exposure, Eye Cancer, Eyes, Family, Fatigue, Fiber Optic, Flickering, Free Radicals, Frequencies, Games and Gaming, genes, genetic damage, grams of tissue, Hand Portables, Handheld Units, Harmonics, headaches, Healing, Health, Health related, Hearing, Heart, Heart Disease, heat, Heavy Metals, HF, High Frequencies, high voltage transmission lines, Hormones, HOuseholds, HRD, Human Resources, Humor, Imbalances, Immune system, Inflammation, Infrared, Inner Agitation, Insomnia, Integrative Medicine, Interdisciplinary, Internet, Intuition, Kids, Lack of Concentration, Learning, Legal Issues, LF, Lifestyle, Long Term Health Risks, Lymphoma, MCS, Medical Research, Medicine, Memory, Memory Loss, Men', Men's Health, Metabolic Changes, Metal Roofs, Microwave exposure, Migraines, Military, miscarriages, Mitigation, mobile telephones, Monitoring, Movement, nausea, nerves, Neural Electrophysiology, Neurasthenia, neurological, neuroma, neurons, neurosurgeons, Neurotransmitters, Noise, Non Profit Organizations, Non-Thermal Levels, Nutrition, oncogenes, Optical, Overtones, Pain, Pain Perception, Panic Attacks, Paralysis, Parenting, Penetration, People in Laboratories, Pets, Pineal Gland, Pregnant Women, pressure, Proteins, Public Policy, Pulsed Radiation, Pulses, radiation, Radio Frequency Radiation, Reaction Time, Research, Research Needed, ringing, ringtones, Risk Factor, Risk of Disease, Safe Levels, Safety, SAR, School administrators, School Boards, Schools, Seizure, sensations, Sick People, signaling enzymes, Sleep, Sleep disturbances, Stress, Symptoms, Teenagers, Telecommunications, Telephony, Tinnitus, Toxic Interactions, Traffic Pollution, Tumors, Tweenies, Unified Field, VDT, Vibrational Medicine, Who is Affected?, WiFi, Wireless Phones, Withdrawal, Women, Women's Health, Workplace, X-Rays, zinging/crackling.
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By: Will Thomas

Though intended for renovations, Chris Anderson would like all visitors to deposit their cellular phones in the cement mixer by his front door. This sounds excessive – until you step into Anderson’s orchard, where the pegged needle of a shrieking electromagnetic radiation (EMR) meter placed beside a connected cellphone still shows significant exposure 100 feet away.

Much to the chagrin of this certified EMR-mitigation specialist, every day some 300 million cell phone users are “reaching out and touching someone you love. Yourself, and anyone else within range of the microwaves emitted by your cell phone.”……Silicon sensors are already calling to each other. Soon, countless communicating microchips embedded in everything from bumpers to brooms will be sending streams of encoded electrical energy through glass, steel, concrete, bone and flesh. Exquisitely sensitive to subtle electromagnetic harmonies, human brains and bodies as intricate as galaxies depend on tiny electrical impulses to conduct complex life-processes – including the ability to read, recall and respond to these words. Acting as antennas, our anatomies just as easily tune into spurious signals from radio and microwave transmissions. .

….”a worse frequency could not have been chosen for the human anatomy.”

As cell phones conquer consumer minds and markets, researcher Carolanne Patton notes that “the brain reaches peak absorption in the UHF bands, right where cellular telecommunications operate.” British military scientists have discovered that cellphone transmissions disrupt the brain sites for memory and learning, causing forgetfulness and sudden confusion.

Other studies show that electromagnetic signals from cellular phones reduce the ability to concentrate, calculate and coordinate complicated activities such as driving a car. Startled by $4 billion a year in extra claims among cellphone-wielding drivers, North American insurers did a double-take that found simply juggling `cell phones is not causing a 600% increase in accidents over other drivers busy shaving, applying makeup, tuning radios, taming pets, making out, pouring coffee, retrieving dropped cigarettes, talking and gesturing to passengers, or actually steering the vehicle….Instead of just another dangerous distraction, tests conducted by the U.S.Department of Energy found that using a cell phone severely impairs memory and reaction times. “Hands-free” mobile speaker-phones cause even more crashes because they typically emit 10-times more brainwave interference than handheld units.

For all drivers dialing out on their cell phones, University of Toronto investigators report that the heightened probability of cracking up your car persists for up to 15-minutes after completing a call. That’s comparable to the risk of crashing while driving dead drunk exclaims Dr. Chris Runball, chairman of the B.C. Medical Association’s emergency medical services committee. Reeling from “dial-a-collision” costs, the government of British Columbia may join England, Spain, Israel, Switzerland and Brazil in restricting or banning the use of cell phones by drivers.

In New Zealand, cellphone towers are prohibited on school property because of possible health effects.
But Health Canada regulations ignore the hidden hazards of cell-wrenching cellphones, which send pulsed signals through the skull in a process one expert likens to “jackhammers on the brain.”

…. cellphone addiction mirrors the prestigious early allure of smoking – as well as an immensely profitable industry’s steadfast denial of risk and responsibility. …Sir William Stewart told London’s Financial Times that “children may be more vulnerable because of their developing nervous system, the greater absorption of energy in the tissues of the head and a longer lifetime of exposure.”

…a Ph.D. biophysicist warns that headaches, fatigue, lethargy, nausea, dizziness, depression, arteriosclerosis and even Alzheimer’s can result from frequent or prolonged calls on cell phones.

“There is also a higher incidence of cardiac problems,” Cherry comments, “in terms of the timing function in hearts. You get more heart attacks and more heart disease – it has now been shown in many studies.”

…..cell phones can murderously modify moods. In brains and bodies seriously derailed by tiny imbalances in trace minerals and hormones, depression, suicide, anger, rage and violence can result when calcium and serotonin levels are disrupted by cellphone transmissions….
.
….DNA damage is passed on to succeeding generations.

….we forget how inconvenient it is to contract cancer. …B-cell lymphomas doubled in mice within 18 months of one-hour daily exposure to power densities experienced by a cellphone user. B-cell lymphomas are implicated in 85% of all cancers.

…Sleep disorders, she learned, are common among people exposed to high levels of electromagnetic pollution.

…there is nothing “safe” about the new 1.9 gigahertz broadcasting frequency. Much like a boxer taking repeated blows to the head, rapidly pulsing cellphones signal permanent brain damage. A study by Dr. Peter Franch found unequivocally that “cells are permanently damaged by cellular phone frequencies.” This cellular damage, Franch noted, is maximized at low dosage – and “inherited unchanged, from generation to generation.”

….the production of histamine, which triggers bronchial spasms, is nearly doubled after exposure to mobile phone transmissions. Cellphones also reduce the effectiveness of anti-asthmatic drugs, and retard recovery from illness.

…. 217 Hz spikes are very close to the frequencies of human cell membranes.

…..because cancer takes decades to develop, it will be another 10 or 20 years before “mobiles” manifest a big bonanza in brain tumors. But he adds, we’re already seeing “acute effects that are noticed within minutes of using a cell phone.”

After two minutes’ conversation, a cell phone’s digitized impulses disable the safety barrier that isolates the brain from destructive proteins and poisons in the blood.

…If you must pack a cell phone, treat it like a loaded pistol. Keep it turned off. Don’t carry it near ovaries, testicles, or the heart. For partial protection, buy an antenna shield. Limit calls to one-minute, six to 10 minutes a month. Never fire off a cellphone with children anywhere in sight.

A better bet is to facilitate the growth of organic telephone networks with lots of fibre. Instead of more microwave towers, “We should be wiring up our cities with fibre-optic cables to provide Internet, fax, telephone, radio and television at very high quality,” Cherry urges, “rather than saturating our cities with the microwave, radiowave and low frequency signals all the time.”

When it comes to cells, consciousness and cell phones, every call is collect. How can convenience count more than cancer? What is gained by being in constant contact with disembodied voices, while being “out of touch” with the friends and neighbours around us? Are we comfortable having our location traced by monitoring authorities?

Unless we start voting with our wallets, consumer complacency could prove as species-limiting as corporate cynicism.

“Microwave frequencies are the same as those used in radar and your microwave oven,” … “You wouldn’t think of sticking your head in the oven, but there is no hesitation to putting the cell phone to your ear.”

It’s worth reading this whole article…. put this in your url NOW:

http://www.newmediaexplorer.org/chris/2005/02/15/grave_cell_phone_dangers_revealed.htm